Monday, February 27, 2017

An Introduction to Refining


Do you know all the ways refineries affect your daily life? This series explores the uses and science behind US refining.

Friday, February 24, 2017

Engineering Firms: How to Hire Qualified Engineering Services


Have you ever had to hire an engineering firm? If you have you know it is often a tedious process with many variables. Engineering firms come in many sizes from one consultant to firms that have consultants from all different disciplines within engineering. How do you find the right consultant for your job big or small?

There are several different types of engineers. There are primarily four main fields of engineering including civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and chemical engineering. Most every other type of engineering can be included in a subcategory linked to one of the main fields of engineering. Believe it or not each subcategory can easily be broken down further. This is why hiring an engineering firm is so complicated.

There are five main objectives that need to be looked at when hiring an engineering firm for your next project. Follow these tips when hiring an engineering firm to help when your manpower and expertise is not enough.

Qualifications: Ask yourself when you start looking for engineering firms what are the requirements for the project. This will make it far easier to narrow down which firm's offer services that will help you lead to the project's completion. Look into several firms qualifications and immediately eliminate any firm who you don't think will be able to fulfill the requirements set forth in the project.

Statement of Qualifications: What do you have to do when you are interviewing for a new position? You have to send a resume in attached with a cover letter proving yourself, right? Have the firms you are interested in do the same for you. Write with them giving them a short description of the project you wish to hire them for to inquire about the firm's interest and qualifications. Give them a specific date to send their interest, qualifications and references into you by.

References: Before you actually hire the firm is when you need to check around and see work that has been completed by them. Word of mouth is a valuable tool to use in hiring anyone for any project. The same holds true for engineering firms. If someone has recently had a good or bad experience with a firm they are likely to share that information with you on your quest to find an engineering firm to work with.

Spreadsheet: Once you have an established list of firms you are serious about hiring you will want to make a spreadsheet to compare the firms based on a few different areas. Some things you might consider comparing are the firm's reputation, their location in comparison to the job, experience with a project similar to yours, how they are compensated, availability of qualified personal, their schedule in comparison to your time line and other important aspects to you.

Selection: When the selections process is coming to a closed you will find that these steps have narrowed your choice down to the most appropriate firm to work on your upcoming project. You will come to a mutual agreement on the scope of the services they will provide to the project and write up a contract based on those items that have been agreed upon.

The selection of an engineering firm is never an easy task. Reward often comes with hard work and I believe this is true when hiring any individual or corporation to work with. Engineering firms should have to work hard to gain your business just as you would when looking to be hired.


Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Kevin_Germain

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Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Temporary Power Distribution For Greater Efficiency


Installing a temporary power system is a must for every efficient industry sector that uses electricity to cater its power supply needs. These power units make up for electricity failures and thus cover up for any losses incurred during the tenure. Nowadays, people have resorted to portable power distribution units, which as the name suggests offers the advantage of greater mobility in different places.

Whether it is a static or mobile unit, these power units are indeed indispensable. However, before installing this temporary power units make sure that you take the help of skilled technician or professionals to avoid accidents at work or at play. Also make sure with your technician to check whether it is equipped with adequate fuel storage, transformers and switchgear.

Another reason, which offers better efficiency through these units, is that you can convert one type of voltage to another. Most of the time its panels come with a power line feed, load center with breakers, transformer and outlets.

Operators make use of portable substations to transfer power from a utility or generator set to voltages and outlets that are essential for supporting multiple appliances. And the best part is that these temporary power distribution units can be customized for the benefit of the clients and customers. Most of these units are so designed using the latest technology available so that they can withstand unviable environment. Good and efficient static or portable power distribution units make sure to supply the safe distribution of temporary power all the required areas whether it is indoors or outdoors.

Portable power distribution units come in different sizes as per individual requirements. They are designed thus that each unit can be transported by using either a crane or forklift. You can buy these units even online you want to avoid the hassle of visiting a physical store.

Whether you are engaged in construction site, mining, industrial sector or any other emergency region, temporary power distribution are a must for greater efficiency. So, what are you waiting for? Go ahead and get one to makeup for the time lost during electricity failures.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Maria_W._Winslet

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Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Industrial Automation - Help your Robotic Project Succeed


Investing in robotic equipment can be a big leap for a small business. Industrial robots have been automating tasks since 1961. The first industrial robot, the Unimate, worked with the die casting machines at a General Motors plant. In the last decade there has been a surge of robots being integrated into mid-sized and smaller companies. One reason is the growth and affordability of the used robot market. With the leaps made in controls technology, companies are upgrading robots before the current model has finished its life-span. However, the overall functionality of the six-axis articulated arm has not changed in the last decade. As companies consolidate and reorganize, the factory surplus is sold.

Automation benefits include saving money and reducing production time. Automation also leads to an increase in part quality and reliability. These are some tips to help you get started implementing automation onto your factory floor.
  1. Involve the Shop Floor Workers Consulting the workers that currently produce the part is a good starting point. This is the person who has the experience to know what works and what had not worked in the past. They often have helpful insight into the process that you can not gain by simply watching. Requesting their participation in the robotic welding project will help it be more successful. The workers who manually perform the process can provide advice on the configuration and specifications of the equipment up front, avoiding the possibility that the equipment is not as ergonomically friendly or productive as it could be. Failure to involve them disregards the insight they have gained though experience with the process.
  2.   Choose your Robot Operators and Robotic Programmers Carefully Most industrial robots are controlled by the use of teach pendants. Several of these pendants now are programmed with an interface that resembles a personal computer. An individual that is computer-literate will have less trouble learning how to instruct the robot and moving it to accomplish the desired tasks such as welding or material handling. For instance, the challenge of transforming a manual welding process to a robotic welding process is best handled by someone with a solid background in manual welding. This would be an ideal person to select for programming or operating the robotic welder. When choosing robot operators, programmers, and technicians, special consideration should be given to motivated employees that are willing to learn and advance their skills.
  3. Make Training a Priority It is important when purchasing a robot integrator to choose one that provides training on the robotic system. This allows your company to be able to fully utilize the robot and minimize later down-time due to mechanical problems. Ideally the person chosen to receive the training should be the future programmer or operator. With the proper training, the programmer should be able to reliably produce efficient and effective robot programs. Basic groundwork training is a minimum, with the real learning happening on the shop floor. Generally your robotic integrator will program your robotic system to interact with your current equipment and leave you with a turnkey solution that requires only a push of a button. It is still ideal to have trained personnel on hand should a future problem arise. Routine maintenance, such as an annual grease replenishment and battery replacement, is also an issue that you will want a trained individual to perform. Many robotic systems have been destroyed by well-meaning maintenance by individuals that do not understand the complex nature of the robotic system.
  4. Watch Part Fit-Up and Repeatability The most problematical issue with welding robots is part quality. Robotic systems are designed to repeat the same sequence of events. If the robot system has been damaged, repeatability can become an issue. Robotics systems sold feature a repeatability measurement and that should be taken into account along with payload and reach requirements. Used robots should be tested for accuracy and repeatability during the reconditioning process. When performing properly, robotic systems are more reliable and produce parts far superior in quality than manually welded parts. Touch sensing and seam tracking can be used to compensate for weld joints that are not static, but robots are limited by the laws of physics. The use of quality equipment in conjunction with robots improves the part fit-up. Attention should be paid to lasers, welding and cutting torches, welding power supplies, raw consumables, and other variables that could lead to a loss of quality in the finished product.
  5. Calculate Estimated ROI There has been a steady growth in the robot industry over the past decade. Experts predict that this growth trend will continue in future years. Welding robots are still the majority of the market, but many applications can be handled by robots. The general rule-of-thumb is that a robotic welder can do the work of four manual welders. Therefore when production is increasing, the choice to add robotic welders is easily justified. It will also improve efficiency, productivity, and part quality. Higher quality leads to a greater demand for your product. Improved efficiency will enable you to be more competitive in your market. The improved productivity will allow you to meet your production demands without a larger workforce.


Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Christi_Hart

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Sunday, February 12, 2017

Benefits of Gas Detection Systems and What You Need to Know


As a business owner where you send your teams to work in hazardous working conditions, you need to take all the safety protocols into consideration to ensure their safety at all times. Any company that uses gas, should take advantage of gas detection systems, which can make a significant different between life and death in the event of a gas leak or serious problem.

One of the main benefits of gas detection systems in hazardous working environments is the protection that they provide. Teams are immediately made aware of any problems, giving them the ability to evacuate the area before the problem becomes more serious. This also enables the company to send an experienced professional into the area to detect the problem and make necessary repairs. This can be beneficial in a host of industries where team's lives may be at risk should a gas leak occur.

Another benefit of gas detection systems is that you enjoy peace of mind that gas levels are constantly being monitored. In the event that gas is detected late, this can lead to serious implications, even possible death. If the teams are working with welding equipment or open flames, then the risk is increased even further than if they were just to breathe in the gas until they can get out to safety. As gas leak is exceptionally serious and you cannot take a risk with your teams working in conditions where an undetected leak can lead to serious bodily harm.

Further, you will find that gas detection systems can also help you reduce your maintenance costs now and moving forward. By knowing that your systems are running properly and there are no gas leaks, you can maintain your systems with ease. When you know there is a potential problem, you can arrange immediate repair and enjoy peace of mind that you are doing everything possible to keep your teams safe at all times.

In addition to this, one of the many benefits to installing gas detection systems at your business is that you are complying with health and safety regulations. It is your duty as a business owner to ensure that the health and safety regulations are adhered to at all times. In addition to having to comply, you also want to do it to ensure the safety of your teams at all times, which means that you are doing everything you can to ensure their safety every time they come into work and work in some of the most dangerous working environments.

When it comes to gas detection systems, there is more than simply having the system installed. You want to focus on every aspect of the team's safety, ensuring that if they are engulfed by gas, they know where to go and how to escape the dangerous situation they have found themselves in.

This is why it's advisable to find a reputable company to assist you in the planning of your gas detection systems, ensuring that you have all the procedures and products in place to reduce injury or harm to your team members. This should include alarm systems. When the gas detection system identifies a problem, it should sound an alarm which immediately tells the team that there is a problem and they need to get to safety immediately.

Further, you should consider adding lighting. If the gas detection system identifies a problem and the alarm sounds and then there is an explosion which cuts the power, you need to know your teams can still find their way out of where they are and get to safety in the shortest period of time.


Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Nick_Aris/2120354

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Thursday, February 9, 2017

SCADA - An Ultimate Process for Water Management Systems


Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) is an automated control system to monitor and control various processes within the industries. This system is commonly used to supervise water treatment process and distribution of treated water. It is also used in monitoring oil and gas pipelines, electrical power transmission and distribution.

The SCADA system involves some physical equipment like switches, pumps and other devices which remain under the control of RTU (Remote Terminal Units). Most of the controlling functions in SCADA are performed automatically by the RTU. The process of sampling signals starts at RTU following the conversion of resulted samples to digital signals. The assembled data is then formatted to help control room operators easily override the digital signals in the computer system and adjust them as required. Operators can easily take control over the system and adjust them according to conditions such as loss of flow and high temperature.

It is beneficial for water management system, since it allows control room operator to change the already set points and allow easy flow of the water from the main location. Besides this, it provides information in the form or meter readings and status record of the equipment, which can be easily understood by the operators. By receiving relevant data from the SCADA system, operators can have easy control on the equipment and manage them accordingly.

Nowadays, RTUs or PLCS (Programmable Logic Controller) are highly used in SCADA system. They help to execute simple logic processes without the involvement of master computers. IEC 61131-3, a functional block programming language is used to develop programs that run on RTUs or PLCS. In order to control the language, a SCADA system engineer requires minimum training and hence, can easily carry out both design and implementation of the programs. In some cases, electrical substation SCADA and RTUs use master computers to communicate with the PACs and other devices associated with the SCADA system.

The entire process of SCADA is complicated and in order to achieve goal in the water management system, one can opt for water management services provided by companies in Colorado. Some companies have experts to monitor and control the equipment within the industries and meet the requirement of their customers. They take approach to monitor and control lift stations, tanks, pumps etc and provide complete solution to their customers.

If you really want to have water asset management services, then start searching for some authentic websites on water management services and get connected with them. For sure you will be benefited with water monitoring solution in a cost-effective manner.


Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Cartis_Smith

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Monday, February 6, 2017

Power Past Impossible


We are pioneering new frontiers - and doing it more efficiently than ever before with the help of oil and natural gas. Together we can Power Past Impossible.

Friday, February 3, 2017

4 Effective Ways of Preventing Explosions - Fire Safety Structural Protection



Explosions are a common cause of fires and a lot time and resources has been spent in coming up with the best ways of preventing an explosion ever happening. The following 4 techniques of 'Structural Prevention' involve constructing buildings in such a way that is specifically designed to prevent fires. The techniques have been proven to effectively limit the risk of explosions and fires, helping save lives in an often subtle way.
The first technique to be described is 'compartmentation'. Dividing a building into compartments or fire-tight cells using fire resistant materials can prevent the spread of fire and smoke within a building as well as the passage of vapour or dust clouds.
Fire compartment walls, floors and doors generally must provide a 60-minute resistance to fire, but this may vary depending upon the level of risk within the compartment. Walls, floors and doors subdividing such compartments generally must provide a 30-minute resistance.
Ceiling and floor voids as well as openings around pipe work and other services can allow air to feed a fire, as well as assisting in the spread of fire and smoke. Fire Stopping can be described as preventing the spread of smoke and flame by placing obstructions across air passageways.
The second effective technique is isolation. Isolation stops the explosion reaching other areas of the plant through pipes and ducts. It prevents the pressure from a primary explosion starting a secondary explosion and prevents the possibility of jets of flame issuing from long pipes. Depending upon the maximum explosion pressure, vessels may be constructed to contain the explosion. Most vessels that may be at risk of dust explosions are designed so that they will absorb the force of an explosion and not rupture.
The third technique is effective plant layout. Buildings that could be in danger of dust explosions must be designed along the same lines as any plant which has an explosion risk. The following features should be considered:
• Wherever possible, they should be isolated from other buildings
• Buildings should be preferably one storey high
• If inside, the vulnerable area of the building should be reinforced
• The rest of the areas of the plant must protected by a blast wall
• Sufficient venting to avoid structural damage from over pressure must be provided
The fourth technique is suppression. There are 3 ways to avoid creating an explosive dust cloud without modifying the dust itself:
• By adding inert gas to the atmosphere. This will reduce the amount of oxygen in the process area and thus reduce the chances of explosion
• By ensuring the dust is outside of its explosive (flammable) limits
• By adding inert dust, however this is not suitable for many industries as it contaminates the product. 

The above 4 techniques are some of the main fundamental ways of preventing loss from fires right at the first stage of building an environment to live in or to work in. Designing a structure in such a way that helps prevent fires and helps limits the potential of loss during a fire is the best way of ensuring survival in the case of a fire emergency. Further information should also be sought to learn about the additional ways of preventing loss due to fire, to ensure that all eventualities are considered.


Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6464399