It takes a whole lot of energy to keep America moving, growing and thriving...
It all starts with oil and natural gas. And at the center of America's oil and natural gas industry are the hundreds of thousands of hard-working men and women who work to safely refine, transport and market petroleum products. Every day they bring an unmatched level of skill and professionalism to their vital work. Creating the fuel for nearly 250 million vehicles... aviation fuels for commercial, private and military aircraft. And petrochemical feedstocks for products ranging from medicines and apparel to the fertilizer needed to grow the food we eat. They operate and maintain more than 170,000 miles of secure pipelines and safely transport and deliver petroleum products to businesses and consumers. But vital fuels and other products aren't all the U.S. oil and natural gas industry produces refineries also produce jobs and economic growth. The U.S. refining industry supports approximately 540,000 good-paying American jobs and supports $268 billion of U.S. GDP providing the oil and natural gas that keeps our nation strong, prosperous and on the go.
One of the wonders that people have discovered in the world of
science and measurements is calibration. Often referred to as the
process of verifying and determining the relationship between the output
and the response of measuring instrument to the value of the input
quantity, calibration is known as a measurement standard.
non-specialized use, calibration involves the entire process of
adjusting the output/result or the indication on a measurement
instrument to correlate with the value of the applied standard within
the boundary of specific accuracy.
WHY USE CALIBRATION?
more modern and scientific language, calibration is referred to the
natural process of transition that is used to measure accuracy and
comparison of a measuring instrument that has a standard to determine
the possible errors in a specific scale.
Today, calibration is
basically used for the process of manufacturing so less and less
possible mistakes and errors can be made. This process or measuring
apparatus is also used to lower the cost of manufacture or possible
production by determining or ensuring the quality.
Calibration is also ideal in minimizing possible errors because it
uses scientific method to determine impending miscalculations while
doing something to correct the errors if there were any. Calibration
becomes more and more popular to companies because the method aims to
economize time, labor, and other resources in any production by means of
If there were one industry that benefits a
lot in the discovery and utilization of calibration, that would be the
numerous laboratories all over the world that conduct seemingly endless
and continuous research. The researcher or the tasked observer usually
uses this measuring apparatus to refine his or her work.
is also greatly beneficial to a researcher is he or she doesn't the
time to develop his/her own apparatus due to lack of time and he/she
needs a set of methods for accurate testing.
Aside from the field
of research laboratories, calibration is also extremely beneficial
because it makes the construction of instruments that are capable of
measuring with sufficient precision and lesser probability to ensure
Considered as the actual accuracy of a scale or
balance, calibration is widely used in testing the products to get their
accurate weight. In the United States alone, an agency called National
Institute of Standards and Technology that is tasked to maintain
standards for values of SI units and industrial standards, calibration
has become a helpful tool in providing the traceability of their
subjects of study by adhering to the basic standards of calibration.
Our team of professionals provide customers with a mechanism for managing safety, construction costs and scheduling, from conception through final systems validation & start-up. We have a combined experience and knowledge that spans several distinct industries and markets. We capitalize on this diversity of expertise by incorporating the latest cutting edge technologies, products, methods and information into our designs.
• Engineering Design
• Software & Systems Integration
• Preventive & Predictive Maintenance
• 24 Hour Emergency Response "Call-Out"
• Training (On site or at our School)
• Conceptual Planning
• Feasibility Studies
• Cost Analysis
• Facilities Access Design
• Site Development Planning
• Project Management
• (C10) Construction Management
• (C10) Construction Installation
• Inspection (ISA, IEEE, ANSI, NEC, API)
• Start-up & Systems Validation
In the realm of business, countless measures are taken to ensure
success. From risk assessment to feasibility studies, people work
tirelessly to implement various strategies that give any particular
venture the best odds for survival. If you're asking yourself what a
feasibility study is, it's very easily defined.
studies are groundwork investigations into the prospective benefits
correlated with undertaking a particular activity or project. A
feasibility study's main goal is to take into account all conceivable
factors associated with a task, and then determine if the time and other
resources invested will return a wanted result.
studies are highly detailed and fully examine every plausible angle. For
these reasons alone, conducting a feasibility study is undoubtedly in
your best interest. However, the decision to carry out a study is one
that should never be taken lightly. You will have to invest a lot of
time and a lot of money into your study. Conversely, not implementing a
feasibility study can prove to be infinitely more damaging due to
expenses and time lost recouping a loss.
It's always in your best
interest to make the best possible use of a study. You're going to need a
clearly defined course of action consisting of multiple business models
or scenarios that you want to explore.
Conduct an initial
investigation and explore your business ideas, goals and possible risks
before moving along with an all-out study. Members of your committee or a
hired consultant can help perform the early investigation. You can try
things like doing a marketing study in order to determine if the
business idea has any market viability.
This way, if it doesn't,
you've just saved a costly and time consuming process by not moving
forward with the comprehensive study. And if the idea does have market
viability, then it's a safe bet that your feasibility study won't result
in a loss.
A properly implement feasibility study will address
issues such as cost and other factors that are both directly and
indirectly associated with the project or idea. If you're putting a new
product on the market, the study will examine the costs associated with
reaching out to a customer base for the product. The use of these
studies has offered assistance to companies for years.
with understanding which projects to proceed with and which to let die
on the vine before investing countless resources for a lost cause. If
you find that an idea shows no promise of generating profit after a
feasibility study is performed, which could be the case, then take
solace in the fact that you can minimize your losses. When you're
planning to spring into action with your latest project idea, it's
always a great idea to conduct some type of market study. It is the
thorough investigation performed that will better assess what shot it
has at success. It's something you're going to need eventually in a
For more information on how to grown your business online and how to use effective internet marketing, please visit us at http://www.ladyluckmedia.co.uk
The intense increase in the use of various electronic gadgets has
simplified the way of life of people. There are so many tasks which are
performed with the help of various gadgets. This has greatly reduced
the manual efforts and incorporated an element of modernization. Various
gadgets have found application in different households, industries and
factories. The use of various modern devices has made it possible for
individuals and establishments to get several benefits. However, it is
extremely important for people to ensure that the gadgets they use are
at par with certain standards. A gadget which is performing below a
standard is not considered to be very suitable.
One very important
thing which gadget users should keep in mind is about calibration.
There are a number of experts who provide these services. Calibration
services are basically the methods of evaluating and adjusting the
values of a gadget for its precision and accuracy. Such a thing is done
by comparing the gadget with another gadget which has an accurate and
unvarying standard. These services are capable of checking, determining
and correcting all the gadgets that use quantitative measurements. Many
individuals and establishments rely greatly on these services. The
method of calibration cannot accept any kind of faulty and shortcut
processes. These services include validation, repair, preventive
maintenance and electronic asset management.
hospitals, measuring device manufacturers, aviation and testing
industries, engineering institutions and processing plants undergo
calibration. In order to ease the process, calibration instruments can
be used. The use of these instruments brings a number of benefits. It
can greatly benefit the manufacturers and consumers. Manufacturers can
greatly increase their level of productivity, get a smooth flow of work
and reduces wastage. The consumers will get the advantage of using high
quality products. The business organization as a whole tends to become
very credible by using these instruments. wastage Their brand becomes
popular throughout and is promoted positively. The instruments should
definitely be calibrated in these establishments so that the standards
are maintained and the progress of the establishment is ensured.
should make all possible efforts to avail these services from a
reliable source. If a reliable and expert service provider is approached
for carrying out the process of calibration, the establishments can get
several benefits. These service providers use sophisticated instruments
for the process. They are capable of giving the accurate results.
Proper actions can then be taken by the establishment. These services
can be adopted at extremely reasonable costs. There is no need to spend
huge sums of money in getting the instruments calibrated. The reliable
services would ensure cost effectiveness to the establishments. It
proves very profitable for the organization, individuals and households
to a great extent.
Author define the calibration services usage for better maintenance of gadgets Performance, has years of experience in testing and measuring tools. Through this article he shares some valuable information on calibration instruments among all reader here.
Mankind has always tried to use technologies in order to improve
his life. The wheel, for instance, was invented in order to transport
goods saving forces and to move more quickly. The discovery of fire
helped to heat him and to defend himself from wild animals.
the very beginning man has always looked for a better way of life. Time
after time, he has continued to improve his environment, both at work
and at home.
The first automations in fact were born in the
factories, where at the end of the 19th century the first applications
of electricity permitted to make some automated operations, without the
intervention of a human being.
Slowly then there has been a shift
from manual jobs to automated jobs, from simple tools relied to the
ability of a person to process chains controlled by programmable
That's why many jobs disappeared and new ones were born,and others have completely been transformed.
automation is whatever permit to make a sequence of automated
activities, often in a faster way. And this idea was born in the world
of industry. Here in fact there was the need of helping the worker
taking him away from repetitive and depressing jobs: as a consequence
automated machines and technologies have been developed, so that the way
of working in a factory completely changed and the manual factory
Just think for example at the automobile
industry: production times have been deeply reduced thanks to automated
production chains, based on sophisticated machineries handled by
programmable controllers which control all the production chains without
any human intervention.
is a comprehensive tank-gauging and leak-detection system that can
simultaneously monitor product levels, water levels, temperatures and
leaks in up to 8 tanks. With advanced technology and enhanced features,
the OEL8000II is suitable for a variety of gauging and leak-detection
Leak and Level Detection
OMNTEC’s LU and LPD leak-detection and overfill-alarm systems provide
continuous, accurate monitoring in a variety of applications. Typical
applications are reservoirs, sumps, dry interstitial spaces and
dispenser pans. These easy-to-install controllers alarm for in tank
levels and leak conditions. The LU controllers are capable of accepting
up to 9 sensors for high level and leak detection. The LPD controllers
are capable of accepting up to 9 sensors for in tank levels and product
distinguishing leak detection. The electro-optic sensors used with these
controllers allow users to easily cycle all sensors through a simulated
leak, with the press of a single button. This feature eliminates the
need to remove the sensor from its location.
SCADA is a word that is used mostly to portray management and
control solutions in a broad range of businesses. Some of the businesses
where SCADA are used are Electric Power, Water Management Systems, Mass
Transit Systems, Manufacturing Systems, Environmental Control Systems,
and Traffic Signals.
SCADA as a System
There are several
parts of a working SCADA. A SCADA-system generally takes account of
signal hardware (the input and the output), networks, controllers,
communications equipment, user interface (HMI), and software. At one
fell swoop, the word SCADA refers to the entire central system. This
central system typically monitors information from different sensors
that are both off-site or in close proximity.
User Interface (HMI)
SCADA scheme comprises a user interface, called "HMI or Human Machine
Interface." The HMI of the SCADA scheme is where information is
processed and offered to be monitored and viewed by a human operative.
This interface typically incorporates controls where individuals could
interface with SCADA system.
HMIs are easy means to standardize
the facilitation of viewing and monitoring numerous PLC's or RTU's.
Usually PLC's or RTU's will run a pre-programmed procedure, but
monitoring all of them individually could be hard, typically because
they're spread out all over the scheme. Since PLC's and RTU's
historically had no consistent method to show or present information to
an operator. The SCADA system corresponds with PLCs all through the
network system and processes details that are easily dispersed by the
SCADA Hardware and Software Components
are extremely advantageous means to monitor and run processes. They are
truly great for small applications like control of climate or could be
efficiently used in big applications such as controlling and monitoring a
mass transit system or nuclear power plant.
SCADA could come in
an non-proprietary and open protocols. Smaller schemes are exceptionally
reasonable and could either be bought as a complete system or could be
matched and mixed with particular components. Big systems could as well
be made with off-the-shelf components. The SCADA scheme software could
as well be simply configured for approximately any application,
eliminating the necessity for intensive software or custom made